What is Labor Law?

Labor Law

What is Labor Law?Labor laws refer to regulations that control the relationship between employers and employees when employees organize into a union. 

These laws control whether employees can join together to negotiate the terms of employment collectively. Laws that allow collective bargaining establish the obligations and rights of the employer and employees as well.

Attorneys at SBEMP (Slovak, Baron, Empey, Murphy & Pinkney) law firm provides professional legal advice and services to clients in Palm Springs, Palm Desert, Rancho Mirage, Inland Empire, Orange County, Coachella Valley, Costa Mesa, San Diego, New Jersey, New York, and surrounding communities.

Labor Law Litigation

Union agreements are enforceable in court, despite the fact that a significant part of labor law involves arbitration and negotiations. 

As the courts have the jurisdiction to enforce and strike down agreements, labor lawyers sometimes litigate the matters in a formal, judicial setting. Labor lawyers also need to draft and file lawsuits and use the rules of the civil procedure to conduct discovery and argue their case in court. 


Over time, labor laws have changed significantly in the US. Early government official displayed mistrust of unions. The first union in the US was formed in 1834 with the aim of negotiating a 10-hour workday. 

Despite the fact that the US now has unions and labor laws, there are smaller and limited in comparison to other industrialized nations. 

There has been a drastic change in the interactions and relationship between the employer and employee due to major legislations throughout the 20th century. Both corporations and unions depend on lobbyists to advocate for changes in the law as the laws that are instated are so significant.

Labor lawyers might work with lawmakers to understand their stand as they draft and consider changes to labor laws on a federal and state level.

Other Employment Laws

Labor law comprises only one area of employment law. Other than labor laws, there are laws that control all employment relationships in the US. These laws disallow any discrimination on the basis of color, race, sex, age, disability, and national origin. 

They lay down the safety standards for employees, and establish compensation programs for employees who are injured while working. Labor attorneys must comprehend and work with these laws along with laws that specifically pertain to unions. 

Who practices Labor Law?

Lawyers who practice labor law work in various types of legal employment. They may work on behalf of the union to negotiate a contract with an employer. 

They might, on the other hand, work for a corporation to negotiate with the union. A labor attorney may be an employee, or they may work in private practice and provide services to an employer or the union on a contract basis. 

Other than lawyers who work in private practice, labor lawyers also work for the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB). Attorneys do their part to conduct the Board’s work when the NLRB steps in to monitor the unionization process.

Attorneys perform these tasks when the Board prosecutes labor law violations. They might work in an adjudicative capacity to establish whether violations have taken place and issue suitable sanctions. 

The Business of Doing Business

Labor laws determine the way that Americans conduct business. Labor lawyers shape, challenge and enforce labor laws. Their work affects almost all Americans in a direct or indirect manner. Attorneys who practice labor law enjoy the demands and rewards of this high-risk and high-profile area of law. 

Lawyers at the SBEMP law firm serve clients from Palm Springs, Palm Desert, Rancho Mirage, Inland Empire, Orange County, Coachella Valley, Costa Mesa, San Diego, New Jersey, New York, and nearby locations for a range of legal practice areas.

For more information or to request a consultation please contact the law offices of SBEMP (Slovak, Baron, Empey, Murphy & Pinkney) by clicking here. 

SBEMP LLP is a full service law firm with attorney offices in Palm Springs (Palm Desert, Inland Empire, Rancho Mirage), CA; Costa Mesa (Orange County), CA; San Diego, CA; New Jersey, NJ; and New York, NY.

DISCLAIMER: This blog post does not constitute legal advice, and no attorney-client relationship is formed by reading it. This blog post may be considered ATTORNEY ADVERTISING in some states. Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome. Additional facts or future developments may affect subjects contained within this blog post. Before acting or relying upon any information within this newsletter, seek the advice of an attorney.

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